Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is located in Saptari and Sunsari districsts in south-east Nepal, the land known as Terai. The Koshi Tappu Safari covers the vast expanse Koshi River with its blue waters and lush jungle areas on both sides. The 176 sq. km. reserve is Nepal’s smallest wildlife reserve. In 1976 the reserve was gazetted to preserve habitat for the only remaining population of wild buffalo, later in 1987, Koshi Tappu was declared a Ramsar site, a wetland of international significance. Government of Nepal has declared the buffer zone ( 173.5 sq. km ) surrounding the reserve in 2004. The vegetation is mainly composed of tall grasslands. Villagers are permitted to collect thatch grass once a year. These are used for roof thatching and building house walls.
The reserve has important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population of wild buffalo is found here. The estimated population of wild buffalo is around 160. The reserve is also home to around 20 other animal species such as Hog deer, Wild boar, Spotted deer, Blue bull and Rock Python.
The Reserve is famous for many species of birds. Around 441 species of birds have been recorded here including 20 duck species, 2 Ibis species, white tailed stonechat, Striated marsh warbler, 30 shore birds, 114 water birds, the endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican.
The Koshi Barrage is an extremely important resting place for many migratory birds, containing 87 winter and trans-Himalayan migratory species. The Koshi River is home to 80 species of fish. The endangered Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the river as well. During winter, many of the migratory birds can be seen on the Koshi Barrage and on the river channel. Migration usually peaks around mid March. Much wildlife visits these areas during dusk and dawn. The clear skies allow for beautiful sights of several Himalayan peaks including Makalu (8463m), the world’s fifth highest peak.You can explore the forest of Koshi Tappu safari riding on elephant back. Here you will see the hattisar (elephant stable) where elephant breed regularly and which is one of few such facilities in Asia.
The best time to visit this wonderful wildlife reserve is between October and March. Migration usually peaks around mid March. In these months many migratory and local birds can be sighted.
- Scenic drive or fly to/from Biratnagar.
- Sunset view from river bank.
- Elephant ride
- Cultural show program
- 3N/4 Days package tour.
- Guided Tour.
- Between 75 m.-8 m. elevation.
- Boat trip in the river.
At a glance
Diffculties and Safety
Your safety is of our major concern while traveling with Mountain World Treks. Please note that your Tour guide has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the itinerary if it is deemed necessary due to safety concerns. Every effort will be made to keep to the above itinerary.
However, we cannot guarantee that we will not deviate from it. Weather conditions, health condition of a group member, unexpected natural disasters etc., and can all contribute to changes in the itinerary. The Guide will try to ensure that the trip runs according to plan, but please be prepared to be flexible if required.
Itinerary Details ( Click on the days to see the extended form. )
40 Minutes flight or 15 hours bus ride will take you up to Biratnagar, from where you need to drive 1 and half more hours to get the camp. Greetings at lodge and brief about the itineraries.
After breakfast you will go for full day excursion on boat and four wheels drive with packed lunch to wildlife, marsh crocodile, otters, and Gangetic Dolphins including a visit to Pink Tower.
After breakfast, you go for bird watch inside the reserve in the scrub forest, grasslands and wetland habitat with lunch packs to see swamp partridge, black necked stork, buntings, bulbuls etc. In the afternoon you can either continue bird watching or enjoy optional elephant ride to watch Arna, the wild water buffalo, blue bull, hog deer, fishing etc.
Departure after breakfast. If you have leisure time in the morning, you can either enjoy bird watching around the camp area or have leisure walk.
Have a nice journey.
see you again.
- Airport Pick up and drop off.
- All domestic land and air transportation.
- All Accommodation.
- 3 main course meals a day while on tour.
- Necessary manpower.
- Mountain World Treks t-shirt and tour map.
- A comprehensive medical kit.
What's not included
- Flights To/From Nepal.
- Tourist Visa.
- Travel insurance.
- Meals while not on the tour.
- Expenses of personal nature like drinks, laundry, snacks, gear.
- Tips for the guide, porters and driver.
- Any services not mentioned in the itineraries.
This trip can be possible to customize as you want and you may extension your Nepal trip as well. Here are the few options what you may do.
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Accommodation & Food details
We will provide tourist standard accommodations in Kathmandu, Pokhara, Lumbini and this is possible to upgrade in your choice. All the accommodation in the cities and tour will provide on twin sharing basis.
Most lodges now have twin bedded rooms but you should still be prepared to sleep in multi-bedded rooms on the occasional night. Single supplement will be served on request and will cost extra. During the tour, we can enjoy authentic Nepalese food as well the more common international cuisine (Tibetan, Continental, Italian, Indian, etc.).
Best Time To Visit
Autumn (Sept to Nov) and spring (March to May) are the best seasons for Safari Tour in Nepal. The weather is sunny and warm with outstanding clear sky.
During winter (Dec, Jan, and Feb) could also be another great option. However, the temperature during winter could go down to 2 degree. Tour in the summer or Monsoon seasons (June to Aug) will be affected by rain but the summer tour could be a boon for a keen botanist.
You don’t need any special gear for touring around Nepal. Suitable attire for men would include long sleeved shirts and long trousers. Women should wear long skirts or a sari. Loose fitting trousers are becoming widely accepted too. Shoulders and chest areas should remain covered.
You may buy hiking gears for your friends and family while you are here in Kathmandu. Gears found here are locally manufactured (hence a lot cheaper) in some famous stores in Kathmandu.