Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is located in Saptari and Sunsari districsts in south-east Nepal, the land known as Terai. The Koshi Tappu Safari covers the vast expanse Koshi River with its blue waters and lush jungle areas on both sides. The 176 sq. km. reserve is Nepal’s smallest wildlife reserve. In 1976 the reserve was gazetted to preserve habitat for the only remaining population of wild buffalo, later in 1987, Koshi Tappu was declared a Ramsar site, a wetland of international significance. Government of Nepal has declared the buffer zone ( 173.5 sq. km ) surrounding the reserve in 2004. The vegetation is mainly composed of tall grasslands. Villagers are permitted to collect thatch grass once a year. These are used for roof thatching and building house walls.
The reserve has important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population of wild buffalo is found here. The estimated population of wild buffalo is around 160. The reserve is also home to around 20 other animal species such as Hog deer, Wild boar, Spotted deer, Blue bull and Rock Python.
The Reserve is famous for many species of birds. Around 441 species of birds have been recorded here including 20 duck species, 2 Ibis species, white tailed stonechat, Striated marsh warbler, 30 shore birds, 114 water birds, the endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican.
The Koshi Barrage is an extremely important resting place for many migratory birds, containing 87 winter and trans-Himalayan migratory species. The Koshi River is home to 80 species of fish. The endangered Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the river as well. During winter, many of the migratory birds can be seen on the Koshi Barrage and on the river channel. Migration usually peaks around mid March. Much wildlife visits these areas during dusk and dawn. The clear skies allow for beautiful sights of several Himalayan peaks including Makalu (8463m), the world’s fifth highest peak.You can explore the forest of Koshi Tappu safari riding on elephant back. Here you will see the hattisar (elephant stable) where elephant breed regularly and which is one of few such facilities in Asia.
The best time to visit this wonderful wildlife reserve is between October and March. Migration usually peaks around mid March. In these months many migratory and local birds can be sighted.
Diffculties and Safety
Your safety is of our major concern while traveling with Mountain World Treks. Please note that your Tour guide has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the itinerary if it is deemed necessary due to safety concerns. Every effort will be made to keep to the above itinerary.
However, we cannot guarantee that we will not deviate from it. Weather conditions, health condition of a group member, unexpected natural disasters etc., and can all contribute to changes in the itinerary. The Guide will try to ensure that the trip runs according to plan, but please be prepared to be flexible if required.
Accommodation & Food details
We will provide tourist standard accommodations in Kathmandu, Pokhara, Lumbini and this is possible to upgrade in your choice. All the accommodation in the cities and tour will provide on twin sharing basis.
Most lodges now have twin bedded rooms but you should still be prepared to sleep in multi-bedded rooms on the occasional night. Single supplement will be served on request and will cost extra. During the tour, we can enjoy authentic Nepalese food as well the more common international cuisine (Tibetan, Continental, Italian, Indian, etc.).
Best Time To VisitAutumn (Sept to Nov) and spring (March to May) are the best seasons for Safari Tour in Nepal. The weather is sunny and warm with outstanding clear sky. During winter (Dec, Jan, and Feb) could also be another great option. However, the temperature during winter could go down to 2 degree. Tour in the summer or Monsoon seasons (June to Aug) will be affected by rain but the summer tour could be a boon for a keen botanist.
You don’t need any special gear for touring around Nepal. Suitable attire for men would include long sleeved shirts and long trousers. Women should wear long skirts or a sari. Loose fitting trousers are becoming widely accepted too. Shoulders and chest areas should remain covered.
You may buy hiking gears for your friends and family while you are here in Kathmandu. Gears found here are locally manufactured (hence a lot cheaper) in some famous stores in Kathmandu.